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High School




High School is mandatory and usually free.

College is voluntary and monetary.

You time is structured by others.

You manage your own time.

You need permission to participate in extracurricular activities.

You must decide whether to participate in co-curricular activities.

You can count on parents and teachers to remind you of your responsibilities and to guide you in setting your priorities.

You must balance your responsibilities and set priorities. You will face moral and ethical decisions you have never faced before.

Each day you proceed from one class directly to another, spending 6 hours each day (30 hours a week) in class.

You often have hours between classes; class times vary throughout the day and evening and you spend only 12 to 16 hours each week in class

Most of your classes are arranged for you.

You arrange your own schedule in consultation with your advisor. Schedules tend to look lighter than they really are.

You are not responsible for knowing what it takes to graduate.

Graduation requirements are complex, and differ from year to year. You are expected to know those that apply to you.

* You will usually be told what to do and corrected if your behavior is out of line.

* You are expected to take responsibility for what you do and don’t do, as well as for the consequences of your decisions.


Classes in High School

Classes in College



The school year is 36 weeks long; some classes extend over both semesters and some don’t.

The academic year is divided into two separate semesters, plus a week after each semester for exams.

Classes generally have no more than 35 students.

Classes may number 100 students or more.

You do most of your studying in class, with homework as a back-up.

You do most of your studying outside of class (at least 2 to 3 hours outside of class for each hour in class) with lectures and other class work as a guide.

You seldom need to read anything more than once, and sometimes listening in class is enough.

You need to review class notes and textbook material regularly.

You are provided with textbooks at no expense.

You need to budget substantial funds for textbooks, which will usually cost more than $300 each semester. Textbooks must be bought promptly (before the bookstore returns copies).

You are expected to read short assignments that are then discussed, and often re-taught, in class.

You are assigned substantial amounts of reading and writing which may not be directly addressed in class.

*You will usually be told in class what you need to learn from assigned readings.

*It’s up to you to read and understand the assigned material; lectures and assignments.


Teachers in High School

Professors in College



Teachers check your completed homework.

Professors may not always check completed homework, but they will assume you can perform the same tasks on test.

Teachers remind you of your incomplete work

Professors may not remind you of incomplete work.

Teachers approach you if they believe you need assistance.

Professors are usually open and helpful, but most expect you to initiate contact if you need assistance.

Teachers are often available for conversations before, during and after class.

Professors expect and want you to attend their scheduled office hours.

Teachers have been trained in teaching methods to assist in imparting knowledge to students.

Professors have been trained as experts in their particular areas of research.

Teachers present materials to help you understand the material in your textbook.

Professors may not follow the textbook. Instead, to amplify the text, they may give illustrations, provide background information, or discuss research about the topic you are studying.

Teachers impart knowledge and facts, sometimes drawing direct connections and leading you through the thinking process.

Professors expect you to think about and synthesize seemingly unrelated topics.

Teachers often take time to remind you of assignments and due dates.

Professors expect you to read, save, and course syllabus; the syllabus spells out exactly what is expected of you, when it is due, and how you will be graded.

Teachers carefully monitor class attendance.

Professors may not formally take roll, but they are still likely to know whether or not you attend.

* Teachers bear much of the responsibility for your learning.

* You bear the responsibility for your learning while your professors serve as guides, mentors, and resources.


Tests in High School

Tests in College



Testing is frequent and covers small amounts of material.

Testing is usually infrequent and may be cumulative, covering large amounts of material, You, not the professor; need to organize the material to prepare for the test. A particular course may have only 2 or 3 tests in a semester.

Teachers frequently rearrange test dates to avoid conflict with school events.

Makeup tests are seldom an option; it they are you need to request them.

Teachers frequently rearrange test dates to avoid conflicts with school events.

Professors in different courses usually schedule tests without regard to the demands of other course or outside activities.

Teachers frequently conduct review session, pointing out the most important concepts.

Professors rarely offer review sessions and when they do, they expect you to be an active participant, one who comes prepared with questions.

*Mastery is usually seen as the ability to reproduce what you were taught in the form in which it was presented to you, or to solve the kinds of problems you were shown how to solve.

*Master is often seen as the ability to apply what you’ve learned to new situations or to solve new kinds of problems.


Grades in High School

Grades in College



Grades are given for most assigned work

Grades may not be provided for all assignments

Consistently good homework grades may raise your overall grade when test grades are low.

Grades on tests and major papers usually provide most of the course grade.

Extra credit projects are often available to help you raise your grade.

Extra credit projects cannot, generally speaking, be used to raise a grade in a college course.

Initial test grades, especially when they are low, may not have an adverse effect on your final grade.

Watch out for your first tests. These are usually “wake up calls” to let you know what is expected but they also may account for a substantial part of your course grade. You may be shocked when you get your grades.

You may graduate as long as you have passed all required courses with a D or higher.

You may graduate only if your average in classes meets the departmental and university standard.

*Effort counts. Courses are usually structured to reward a good faith effort.

*Results count. Though good faith effort is important in regard to the professor willingness to help you achieve good results, it will not substitute for results in the grading process.


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