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Science Cognates English-Spanish For K–6 Bilingual Teacher Candidates


When English speakers are learning Spanish or Spanish speakers are learning English, there are some general rules that are helpful to remember. While many English words have double consonants (happy, puddle), Spanish words do not with the exception of c and n (acción, innecesario). It is also helpful to remember that words with ph in English (pharmacy) are written with f in Spanish (farmacia). What is especially helpful is to focus on cognates. Cognates are words that are convertible between English and Spanish. For the most part, English and Spanish cognates are words that share the same Latin root and are very similar. It is important to remember that cognates do not always translate from one language to another precisely. For example, in Spanish informal refers to a person that is unreliable rather than casual. Despite these false cognates, there are thousands of English words that can be converted into Spanish with their English meaning.

Written By:

Rosalinda Cobarrubias
Noemi Green
Sandra Quiroz
Sandra Rodríguez
Gustavo René Sainz
Mary Soto
Marta Valdez
Lori Wells

Designed by:
Raymundo Garza
ITS Online Learning Web Design Center


Dr. Graciela P. Rosenberg
EDCI 8342 Content Area Instruction in Bilingual Programs
Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction with Specialization in Bilingual Studies
The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College

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